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Author Vantaux, A.; Roux, O.; Magro, A.; Ghomsi, N.T.; Gordon, R.D.; Dejean, A.; Orivel, J. openurl 
  Title Host-Specific Myrmecophily and Myrmecophagy in the Tropical Coccinellid Diomus thoracicus in French Guiana Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Biotropica Abbreviated Journal Biotropica  
  Volume 42 Issue (up) 5 Pages 622-629  
  Keywords ants; ladybird; mimicry; parasite; Wasmannia auropunctata  
  Abstract A variety of arthropods, particularly insects, have developed myrmecophilous interactions with ants to gain access to resources and/or for protection. Among these myrmecophiles, only a few examples have been documented in the Coccinellidae, most of them involving species able to feed on ant-tended Hemiptera. We report here a new case of obligate myrmecophily in the coccinellid Diomus thoracicus. Larvae are invariably and exclusively found in the nests of the ant Wasmannia auropunctata and seem to rely on ant brood as their only food source. Not only do ant workers show no aggressiveness toward the D. thoracicus larvae in their behavioral interactions at the colonial level, but also at the species level; while coccinellid adults are always attacked. The integration of the larvae inside of the ant nests is based on their chemical mimicry of the host's cuticular cues. Therefore, given the presence of the D. thoracicus larvae inside of the ant's nest, their predation on Wasmannia brood and their chemical mimicry, this species can be considered a specific parasite of W. auropunctata. Overall, this new case of myrmecophily not only specifically involves a highly invasive ant species, but also provides insights into the evolution of myrmecophily and myrmecophagy in coccinellids.  
  Address [Vantaux, Amelie; Magro, Alexandra; Orivel, Jerome] Univ Toulouse, UPS, EDB Lab Evolut & Diversite Biol, F-31062 Toulouse, France, Email:  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0006-3606 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ISI:000281707700025 Approved no  
  Call Number EcoFoG @ eric.marcon @ Serial 27  
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