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Author (up) Odonne, G.; Bourdy, G.; Castillo, D.; Estevez, Y.; Lancha-Tangoa, A.; Alban-Castillo, J.; Deharo, E.; Rojas, R.; Stien, D.; Sauvain, M. openurl 
  Title Ta'ta', Huayani: Perception of leishmaniasis and evaluation of medicinal plants used by the Chayahuita in Peru. Part II Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication Journal of Ethnopharmacology Abbreviated Journal J. Ethnopharmacol.  
  Volume 126 Issue 1 Pages 149-158  
  Keywords Leishmaniasis; Medicinal plants; Traditional medicine; Chayahuita; Peru  
  Abstract Aim of the study v: A knowledge attitude and practice study centred on leishmaniasis and its treatment was performed among the Chayahuita, in Amazonian Peruvian ethnic group living in ail endemic area. This study documents traditional Chayahuita plant's use and disease concepts. Also, activity of some medicinal Plants Used by the Chayahuita is highlighted and discussed. Materials and methods: Ninety-three Chayahuita people were interviewed, following a semi-structured questionnaire focussed oil disease knowledge and perception, personal attitude and healing practices. Simultaneously, a collection of plants was performed in different ecotopes, in order to make ail extensive inventory of the pharmacopoeia. Results: For the Chayahuita, cutaneous (CL) and muco-cutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL) are considered as diseases of their own, with specific names, aetiologics, mode of transmission. Regarding CL, Chayahuita people consider that the humid characteristic of the Skill ulcer is a discriminative fact orienting the diagnostic for Ta'ta' (leishmaniasis). Forty-six different species were designated useful against LC and /or MCL (29 species by means of the questionnaire and 27 species when collecting in different ecotopes). Thirty-seven extracts corresponding to 31 Species used medicinally were screened in vitro against Leishmania amazonensis axenic amastigotes, assessing their viability by the reduction Of tetrazolium salt (MTT). Six species displayed a good activity (10 μg/ml < IC50 < 20 μg/ml): all undetermined hemi-epiphytic Clusiaceae. Cybianthus anthuriophyllus Pipoly (Myrsinaceae), two Piper, Piper sanguineispicum Trel., and Piper loretoanum Trel. (Piperaceae), Desmodium axillare Sw. DC. (Fabaceae), and Clibadium sylvestre (Aubl.) Baill (Asteraceae). Conclusion: Perception of leishmaniasis, attitude. treatments and diet prohibitions still largely reflects traditional Chayahuita cosmovision, even if some tentative of bio-medical re-interpretation is arising. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.  
  Address [Odonne, G.; Bourdy, G.; Estevez, Y.; Deharo, E.; Sauvain, M.] Univ Toulouse, UPS, UMR 152, Lab Pharmacochim Subst Nat & Pharmacophores Redox, F-31062 Toulouse 9, France, Email:  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0378-8741 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ISI:000271790800020 Approved no  
  Call Number EcoFoG @ eric.marcon @ Serial 95  
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