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Author (up) Esquivel-Muelbert, A.; Baker, T.R.; Dexter, K.G.; Lewis, S.L.; Brienen, R.J.W.; Feldpausch, T.R.; Lloyd, J.; Monteagudo-Mendoza, A.; Arroyo, L.; Álvarez-Dávila, E.; Higuchi, N.; Marimon, B.S.; Marimon-Junior, B.H.; Silveira, M.; Vilanova, E.; Gloor, E.; Malhi, Y.; Chave, J.; Barlow, J.; Bonal, D.; Davila Cardozo, N.; Erwin, T.; Fauset, S.; Hérault, B.; Laurance, S.; Poorter, L.; Qie, L.; Stahl, C.; Sullivan, M.J.P.; ter Steege, H.; Vos, V.A.; Zuidema, P.A.; Almeida, E.; Almeida de Oliveira, E.; Andrade, A.; Vieira, S.A.; Aragão, L.; Araujo-Murakami, A.; Arets, E.; Aymard C, G.A.; Baraloto, C.; Camargo, P.B.; Barroso, J.G.; Bongers, F.; Boot, R.; Camargo, J.L.; Castro, W.; Chama Moscoso, V.; Comiskey, J.; Cornejo Valverde, F.; Lola da Costa, A.C.; del Aguila Pasquel, J.; Di Fiore, A.; Fernanda Duque, L.; Elias, F.; Engel, J.; Flores Llampazo, G.; Galbraith, D.; Herrera Fernández, R.; Honorio Coronado, E.; Hubau, W.; Jimenez-Rojas, E.; Lima, A.J.N.; Umetsu, R.K.; Laurance, W.; Lopez-Gonzalez, G.; Lovejoy, T.; Aurelio Melo Cruz, O.; Morandi, P.S.; Neill, D.; Núñez Vargas, P.; Pallqui Camacho, N.C.; Parada Gutierrez, A.; Pardo, G.; Peacock, J.; Peña-Claros, M.; Peñuela-Mora, M.C.; Petronelli, P.; Pickavance, G.C.; Pitman, N.; Prieto, A.; Quesada, C.; Ramírez-Angulo, H.; Réjou-Méchain, M.; Restrepo Correa, Z.; Roopsind, A.; Rudas, A.; Salomão, R.; Silva, N.; Silva Espejo, J.; Singh, J.; Stropp, J.; Terborgh, J.; Thomas, R.; Toledo, M.; Torres-Lezama, A.; Valenzuela Gamarra, L.; van de Meer, P.J.; van der Heijden, G.; van der Hout, P.; Vasquez Martinez, R.; Vela, C.; Vieira, I.C.G.; Phillips, O.L. pdf  url
doi  openurl
  Title Compositional response of Amazon forests to climate change Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Global Change Biology Abbreviated Journal Global Change Biol.  
  Volume 25 Issue 1 Pages 39-56  
  Keywords bioclimatic niches; climate change; compositional shifts; functional traits; temporal trends; tropical forests; bioclimatology; climate change; floristics; lowland environment; niche; temporal variation; tropical forest; Amazonia; carbon dioxide; water; biodiversity; Brazil; classification; climate change; ecosystem; forest; physiology; season; tree; tropic climate; Biodiversity; Brazil; Carbon Dioxide; Climate Change; Ecosystem; Forests; Seasons; Trees; Tropical Climate; Water  
  Abstract Most of the planet's diversity is concentrated in the tropics, which includes many regions undergoing rapid climate change. Yet, while climate-induced biodiversity changes are widely documented elsewhere, few studies have addressed this issue for lowland tropical ecosystems. Here we investigate whether the floristic and functional composition of intact lowland Amazonian forests have been changing by evaluating records from 106 long-term inventory plots spanning 30 years. We analyse three traits that have been hypothesized to respond to different environmental drivers (increase in moisture stress and atmospheric CO 2 concentrations): maximum tree size, biogeographic water-deficit affiliation and wood density. Tree communities have become increasingly dominated by large-statured taxa, but to date there has been no detectable change in mean wood density or water deficit affiliation at the community level, despite most forest plots having experienced an intensification of the dry season. However, among newly recruited trees, dry-affiliated genera have become more abundant, while the mortality of wet-affiliated genera has increased in those plots where the dry season has intensified most. Thus, a slow shift to a more dry-affiliated Amazonia is underway, with changes in compositional dynamics (recruits and mortality) consistent with climate-change drivers, but yet to significantly impact whole-community composition. The Amazon observational record suggests that the increase in atmospheric CO 2 is driving a shift within tree communities to large-statured species and that climate changes to date will impact forest composition, but long generation times of tropical trees mean that biodiversity change is lagging behind climate change.  
  Address Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Pará, Brazil  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Blackwell Publishing Ltd Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 13541013 (Issn) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Cited By :21; Export Date: 6 January 2020; Correspondence Address: Esquivel-Muelbert, A.; School of Geography, University of LeedsUnited Kingdom; email: Approved no  
  Call Number EcoFoG @ webmaster @ Serial 905  
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