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Author (up) Grossiord, C.; Christoffersen, B.; Alonso-Rodríguez, A.M.; Anderson-Teixeira, K.; Asbjornsen, H.; Aparecido, L.M.T.; Carter Berry, Z.; Baraloto, C.; Bonal, D.; Borrego, I.; Burban, B.; Chambers, J.Q.; Christianson, D.S.; Detto, M.; Faybishenko, B.; Fontes, C.G.; Fortunel, C.; Gimenez, B.O.; Jardine, K.J.; Kueppers, L.; Miller, G.R.; Moore, G.W.; Negron-Juarez, R.; Stahl, C.; Swenson, N.G.; Trotsiuk, V.; Varadharajan, C.; Warren, J.M.; Wolfe, B.T.; Wei, L.; Wood, T.E.; Xu, C.; McDowell, N.G. url  doi
  Title Precipitation mediates sap flux sensitivity to evaporative demand in the neotropics Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Oecologia Abbreviated Journal Oecologia  
  Volume 191 Issue 3 Pages 519-530  
  Keywords Evapotranspiration; Plant functional traits; Transpiration; Vapor pressure deficit; drought; evapotranspiration; flux measurement; hydrological cycle; Neotropical Region; precipitation (chemistry); precipitation (climatology); tree; tropical forest; tropical region; vapor pressure; water; drought; evapotranspiration; forest; tree; vapor pressure; Droughts; Forests; Plant Transpiration; Trees; Vapor Pressure; Water  
  Abstract Transpiration in humid tropical forests modulates the global water cycle and is a key driver of climate regulation. Yet, our understanding of how tropical trees regulate sap flux in response to climate variability remains elusive. With a progressively warming climate, atmospheric evaporative demand [i.e., vapor pressure deficit (VPD)] will be increasingly important for plant functioning, becoming the major control of plant water use in the twenty-first century. Using measurements in 34 tree species at seven sites across a precipitation gradient in the neotropics, we determined how the maximum sap flux velocity (vmax) and the VPD threshold at which vmax is reached (VPDmax) vary with precipitation regime [mean annual precipitation (MAP); seasonal drought intensity (PDRY)] and two functional traits related to foliar and wood economics spectra [leaf mass per area (LMA); wood specific gravity (WSG)]. We show that, even though vmax is highly variable within sites, it follows a negative trend in response to increasing MAP and PDRY across sites. LMA and WSG exerted little effect on vmax and VPDmax, suggesting that these widely used functional traits provide limited explanatory power of dynamic plant responses to environmental variation within hyper-diverse forests. This study demonstrates that long-term precipitation plays an important role in the sap flux response of humid tropical forests to VPD. Our findings suggest that under higher evaporative demand, trees growing in wetter environments in humid tropical regions may be subjected to reduced water exchange with the atmosphere relative to trees growing in drier climates. © 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.  
  Address Earth Systems Science Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, United States  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Verlag Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 00298549 (Issn) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number EcoFoG @ webmaster @ Serial 904  
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