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Author (up) Dessert, C.; Clergue, C.; Rousteau, A.; Crispi, O.; Benedetti, M.F. url  doi
  Title Atmospheric contribution to cations cycling in highly weathered catchment, Guadeloupe (Lesser Antilles) Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Chemical Geology Abbreviated Journal Chem. Geol.  
  Volume 531 Issue 119354 Pages  
  Keywords Atmospheric deposit; Cation-nutrient recycling; Critical Zone; Saharan dust; Sr and Nd isotopes; Atmospheric chemistry; Biogeochemistry; Catchments; Deposits; Dust; Ecosystems; Forestry; Isotopes; Lakes; Positive ions; Rain; Recycling; Runoff; Soil moisture; Soil surveys; Tropics; Vegetation; Volcanoes; Weathering; Atmospheric deposits; Critical zones; Nutrient recycling; Saharan dust; Sr and Nd isotopes; Nutrients; catchment; cation; dust; isotopic composition; neodymium isotope; regolith; strontium isotope; trace element; water chemistry; water quality; Guadeloupe; Leeward Islands [Lesser Antilles]; Sahara  
  Abstract The important fertilizing role of atmospheric dust, and particularly African dust, in tropical rainforests is increasingly recognized but still poorly quantified. To better evaluate dust input into the Caribbean basin, we sampled critical zone compartments of a small forested volcanic catchment in Guadeloupe (soils, parent rock, atmospheric dust, plants, soil solutions, stream and rain waters). The aims of this study are to track sources of cation nutrients (Ca, Mg, K, Sr) developed on highly weathered soil in the rainforest of Guadeloupe, to quantify plant recycling of these nutrients, and to identify constraints on regolith development and its associated nutrient pool. In the Quiock Creek catchment, a large isotopic range of 87Sr/86Sr and eNd values was observed despite the small scale of observation. Sr isotopic composition of the dissolved load varied from 0.7084 in rainfall to 0.7110 in soil solution, whereas it ranges between 0.7068 and 0.7153 for soil samples and between 0.7096 and 0.7102 for plants. The Nd isotopic composition varied between -8.39 in near-surface soil samples to 2.71 in deeper soil. All samples had an intermediate signature between that of the bedrock endmember (87Sr/86Sr = 0.7038; eNd = 4.8) and the atmospheric endmember (sea salt: 87Sr/86Sr = 0.7092 and Saharan dust: 87Sr/86Sr = 0.7187, eNd=-11.5). The regolith was built on pyroclastic deposits, but, because of extreme leaching, the regolith has lost its original bedrock signature and inherited an exogenous atmospheric signature. Our results show that only the chemical weathering of the fresh near-surface minerals can provide nutrients to the ecosystem (first 30 cm). However, this dust weathering is too low to sustain the tropical forest ecosystem on its own. The cationic mass balance at the catchment scale, as well as the Sr isotopic signature, show that cation and Sr fluxes are of atmospheric origin only and that original bedrock no longer participates in nutrient cycles. The vegetation reflects the 87Sr/86Sr of the dissolved pool of atmospheric Sr. At the soil-plant scale, the cation-nutrient fluxes provided by vegetation (litter fall + leaf excretion) are major compared to input and output fluxes. The annual Ca, K, Sr and Mg fluxes within the vegetation are, respectively, 31, 28, 20 and 3 times greater than the exported fluxes at the outlet of the basin. The residence time of nutrients in the vegetation is 16 years for K and close to 45 years for Sr, Ca and Mg. These results emphasize the highly efficient vegetative turnover that dominates the nutrient cycle in the Quiock Creek catchment. This first characterization of biogeochemical cycles in the Guadeloupean rainforest suggests that the forest community of Quiock Creek is sustained by a small near-surface nutrient pool disconnected from the deep volcanic bedrock. We also demonstrated that, even with efficient nutrient recycling, Saharan dust plays a significant role in maintaining ecosystem productivity in Guadeloupe over long-time scales.  
  Address Laboratoire de biologie et de physiologie végétales, UMR EcoFoG, CNRS, Cirad, INRA, Université des Antilles, Université de Guyane, Pointe-à-Pitre, 97159, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier B.V. Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 00092541 (Issn) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Export Date: 18 November 2019; Correspondence Address: Dessert, C.; Université de Paris, Institut de physique du globe de Paris, CNRSFrance; email: Approved no  
  Call Number EcoFoG @ webmaster @ Serial 895  
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