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Author (up) Baraloto, C.; Rabaud, S.; Molto, Q.; Blanc, L.; Fortunel, C.; Herault, B.; Davila, N.; Mesones, I.; Rios, M.; Valderrama, E.; Fine, P.V.A. openurl 
  Title Disentangling stand and environmental correlates of aboveground biomass in Amazonian forests Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Global Change Biology Abbreviated Journal Glob. Change Biol.  
  Volume 17 Issue 8 Pages 2677-2688  
  Keywords carbon stocks; climate; flooded forest; forest structure; French Guiana; Peru; REDD; soil properties; tropical rainforest; white-sand forest; wood specific gravity  
  Abstract Tropical forests contain an important proportion of the carbon stored in terrestrial vegetation, but estimated aboveground biomass (AGB) in tropical forests varies two-fold, with little consensus on the relative importance of climate, soil and forest structure in explaining spatial patterns. Here, we present analyses from a plot network designed to examine differences among contrasting forest habitats (terra firme, seasonally flooded, and white-sand forests) that span the gradient of climate and soil conditions of the Amazon basin. We installed 0.5-ha plots in 74 sites representing the three lowland forest habitats in both Loreto, Peru and French Guiana, and we integrated data describing climate, soil physical and chemical characteristics and stand variables, including local measures of wood specific gravity (WSG). We use a hierarchical model to separate the contributions of stand variables from climate and soil variables in explaining spatial variation in AGB. AGB differed among both habitats and regions, varying from 78 Mg ha(-1) in white-sand forest in Peru to 605 Mg ha(-1) in terra firme clay forest of French Guiana. Stand variables including tree size and basal area, and to a lesser extent WSG, were strong predictors of spatial variation in AGB. In contrast, soil and climate variables explained little overall variation in AGB, though they did co-vary to a limited extent with stand parameters that explained AGB. Our results suggest that positive feedbacks in forest structure and turnover control AGB in Amazonian forests, with richer soils (Peruvian terra firme and all seasonally flooded habitats) supporting smaller trees with lower wood density and moderate soils (French Guianan terra firme) supporting many larger trees with high wood density. The weak direct relationships we observed between soil and climate variables and AGB suggest that the most appropriate approaches to landscape scale modeling of AGB in the Amazon would be based on remote sensing methods to map stand structure.  
  Address [Baraloto, Christopher; Rabaud, Suzanne; Fortunel, Claire; Rios, Marcos; Valderrama, Elvis] INRA, UMR Ecol Forets Guyane, Kourou 97387, French Guiana, Email:  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1354-1013 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ISI:000292308300013 Approved no  
  Call Number EcoFoG @ webmaster @ Serial 325  
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